By the end of the Second World War, Britain faced a major housing shortage. Over three million houses across the country had been either destroyed or damaged by bombing and new house building had ceased during the war. The wartime Government had anticipated the problem and in 1944 announced a building programme of ‘emergency factory-made houses’. Following a design competition thirteen designs were selected for manufacture, and the Arcon Mk V, of which this is an example, was one of the most popular. Of the 156,623 prefabs built between 1945 and 1949 nearly 39,000 were Arcons. They were built at an average cost of £1,209 and were allocated to local councils most affected by bombing.